The 6.0 magnitude earthquake in Ranau, Sabah has so far claimed at least 16 lives with 2 people still missing
Update: 5 more bodies were recovered today. Confirmed fatalities now stand at 16. Two are listed missing.— Masidi Manjun (@MasidiM) June 7, 2015
The death toll from an earthquake that trapped scores of climbers on Malaysia’s highest peak rose to 16 Monday as rescuers searched for two Singaporeans still missing.wsj.com
One day after the quake, first-hand accounts of climbers began to spread on social media. Like this one from Razif Hadri, a 30-year-old stranded on top of the mountain. He told The Malay Mail that they were informed that rescue was on the way only to be told later that helicopters were unable to make it to the mountaintop.
“We were told very early on that a helicopter would come to rescue us. We just had to stay safe and wait,” he said, adding that they filled the time gathering information, talking to fellow climbers and motivating each other. However, over the course of the day, emotions changed as rescue attempt after attempt failed due to heavy mist and clouds in the area. He said that helicopters could not land and at one point dropped food for those stranded, but it missed the mark and fell over into the gorge. By 5pm on Friday, the police and army helicopters communicated their inability to make it to the mountaintop, the guides and climbers decided they would make their way down.themalaymailonline.com
This was later echoed by Malaysian born Australian Vee Jin Dumlou, who gave glowing tributes to the mountain guides while calling the search operations by the government "a farce"
The mountain guides put their lives at risk by carving out new trails for the climbers to descent down safely
Following their accounts, the Search and Rescue team were criticised for their "lack of responsiveness". Datuk Masidi Manjun, Sabah's Minister of Tourism, Culture, and Environment quickly defended the operations, stating that this isn't the time to point fingers.
It's easy to pick on weaknesses of S&R effort & I'm sure they are many. We'll talk abt them during post-mortem. Now is not the time to blame— Masidi Manjun (@MasidiM) June 7, 2015
Captain Nik Ahmad Huzlan Nik Hussain, a former MAS chief pilot also defended the search operations, explaining major points of contention in detail:
Captain Nik explained that the helicopter used had its limitations given the altitude of the mountain. At that height, the pilot will also suffer mild hypoxia, which would affect his ability to fly safely.
"The video doing rounds of a helicopter dropping supplies away from the victims on the slopes of Mt. Kinabalu is fodder for bashing by many uninformed netizens. I may be mistaken but the helicopter looks like a Bell 206. This helicopter is rated to fly at 13,000ft maximum altitude. Its an old single engined helicopter meant for flying doctor services and normally operates below 4,000ft. This means that it has very little power at the altitude it is flying at."
"Furthermore, the Pilot will begin to suffer mild hypoxia the longer he stays above 10,000ft which will affect his ability to control the helicopter well. The winds at the altitude is vicious as it is swirling around the mountain creating updrafts and downdrafts. There is no way the helicopter could have approached the victims closer without risking impact as it has very little power to counter the turbulence. So the pilot had to do what he did. I think the Pilot is also an unsung hero for attempting to fly that mission. Unfortunately he got brickbats for his efforts."
This was supported by Sabah Fire and Rescue Department's Director Nordin Pauzi who stated that the strong winds may cause the helicopter to swerve and hit the mountain face
Department director Nordin Pauzi said visibility was not the sole consideration for dispatching the helicopters, but many factors that contributed to them not being used to rescue climbers trapped after Friday’s quake. “We have to take into consideration a lot of factors. Fogs are a factor, and although helicopters may have sophisticated instruments to enable them to fly with low visibility but landing a helicopter on a mountain, with no control tower requires the pilots to land based on their own vision,” he said.themalaymailonline.com
He said another issue that heavily influenced the decision was the cross winds in the mountain. “Winds are unpredictable and strong up there and during landing, it can cause the helicopter to swerve and hit the mountain face.themalaymailonline.com
The former pilot stated that this was the correct procedure. The mountain guides knew their terrain better compared to the rescuers. Furthermore, the rescue team needed time to acclimatise their body to avoid altitude sickness, which might hamper their effectiveness as a team.
"The manner the rescue was carried out may seem 'chaotic' to the google researchers, but as the facts becomes clear, it became obvious that the correct thing was done under the circumstances. The Guides know the mountain well. The well trodden paths were mostly gone and the official rescuers won't have a clue as to how to carve alternate paths to get up the mountain. More importantly, the victims were mostly above 10,000ft possibly 12,000ft."
"The rescuers needs time to acclimatise their body in order to function effectively up there. The effects of AMS (Altitude Mountain Sickness) - headache, nausea, shortness of breath, can render even the strongest person weak. They will be ineffective and be more of a hindrance up there. Appropriately the guides (who are used to the high altitude environment) do the hard work higher up while the rescuers continue the work below 8,000ft."
"Unlike floods, or ferry disasters, high altitude rescue work has another element that does not subside with time, which is the thin air environment. The victims are secured, and the means of getting them down (which they did) are there. As for the dead bodies, there's no point risking lives to do expeditious recovery. In time the bodies will be recovered (which was the case)."
Nordin Pauzi also took time to respond to photos of personnel idling around. “Those photos of us resting do not tell the whole story. We all had to take turns to rest and everyone had a role to play."
He also dismissed critics who have lambasted search and rescue personnel over photos of them idling at Timpohon Gate. “Those photos of us resting do not tell the whole story. We all had to take turns to rest and everyone had a role to play. “To say that we did not do anything is an injustice to the men who also risked their lives climbing up the mountain despite the tremors and falling rocks to search and rescue those who were stranded,” he said.themalaymailonline.com
Julia Chan who was at the scene, saw that the search and rescue personnel carried out their responsibilities albeit being a bit disorganised
Captain Nik was critical of the way communications were being handled. "Where we fail is here; like all urgent issues in Malaysia, timely accurate effective communications, Public as well as Media Relations failed BIG TIME."
"Recreational Adventurers must remember they chose the path of risk when embarking on such a journey. Its different from "normal" calamities such as widespread flooding and the like. They cannot complain that they had to endure hardship awaiting an airlift when there are alternate ways of getting to safety. They got down safely eventually."
" Yes there was hardship and anxiety. Some chose to wait. Many had assistance and there will be some amount of chaos. The people below do not have the full picture. Where we fail is here; like all urgent issues in Malaysia, timely accurate effective communications and, PR as well as Media Relations failed BIG TIME."
On-scene Medical Commander at the site, known as Maxy Waxy on Facebook, also gave his thoughts about SAR operations. He explained that they were waiting orders from their superiors as they were working together with other groups.
Nicolson Jacob, an emergency responder noted that everyone on-scene were playing their part and called on Malaysians to not resort to negative comments. "Let's not condemn one another, rather focus on building up and encouraging each other to be better."
Nordin Pauzi acknowledged the guides and his team. “Being recognised as a hero is not a priority. The priority is to save lives and everyone played a part in bringing the climbers and the bodies down the mountain. Everyone did their jobs. The mountain guides did theirs and we did ours,” he said.
While search and operations are still being carried out for the remaining missing people, read how Malaysians are banding together to help each other in whatever capacity they can