Here Are Early Signs Of Heatstroke In Children & How To Prevent It

Stay cautious amid this heatwave.

Cover image via Children's Medical Center Dallas & Nanyang Siang Pau

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We all know the weather in Malaysia has been blazing lately

While it does not affect most of us adults, as we are able to naturally regulate our body temperatures to prevent overheating, there are many vulnerable groups of people who are at risk of a heatstroke when exposed to the heat and sun for too long.

While anyone could get a heatstroke, the most vulnerable people are:
– The elderly
– Children
– The sick
– People who work outdoors

Heatstroke is a condition when your body cannot cool itself down fast enough under the extreme temperature outside

When a heatstroke occurs, your sweating mechanism fails and your body's internal temperature rises rapidly — it could go up to 40°C and higher within just 10 to 15 minutes.

That is a medical emergency.

Image via Sina Online

A person could also experience other heat-related illnesses before they develop a heatstroke, such as heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heat syncope (fainting)

To help prevent heat-related illnesses and cope with the hot weather in the first place, keep in mind to:
– Avoid being outside in the sun at its hottest, between 11am and 3pm
– Drink lots of water, and even cold drinks, especially if you're active or exercising
– Wear light-coloured, loose clothing
– Avoid extreme exercise
– Always look for shade. If you are indoors, close curtains and windows to retain a cooler temperature indoors.

It is most important to keep remaining hydrated throughout the day to help your body stay cool.

Unfortunately, it is not easy for children to regulate their own body temperature, and they are the most susceptible to overheating

Also, obviously, we can't expect young children to keep track of their own water intake, or let you know if they have been playing outdoors in the sun.

Therefore, it is important to keep in mind that if a child feels unwell in hot weather, it could be a heat-related illness.

As a parent, guardian, or even a concerned neighbour, here are the signs a child might exhibit if they are going through heat exhaustion and may develop a heatstroke:
- An elevated body temperature, about 38°C and higher
- Cool, clammy skin despite the heat
- Rapid heartbeat and breathing
- Vomiting, or feeling nauseous
- Tiredness or weakness
- Dizziness or headache
- Feel like fainting, or actually passing out

Image via jcomp/Freepik

It is important to seek medical attention and treat heat exhaustion immediately, as it can develop into a heatstroke

If your child shows symptoms of heat exhaustion, you should:
– Move your child to a cool, shaded place — preferably in an air-conditioned space or vehicle
– Encourage them to drink water or a sports drink that contains salt, such as 100PLUS
– Loosen their clothes and apply a cold, wet towel on their body
– Gently stretch or massage sore muscles if they have a cramp

If your child is unable to drink water and seems to be losing consciousness, seek medical attention immediately.

Your child may also experience more nosebleeds due to the hot weather. Here is how to treat it at home:

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