The Historical Moments That Led Up To Malaysia's Formation, Captured In 35 Old Photos
Malaysia has come a long way since its formation back in 1963
Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj, the Prime Minister of the Federation of Malaya, made a proposal to merge Brunei, Malaya, North Borneo (now known as Sabah), Sarawak, and Singapore on 27 May 1961.
In the two years that followed, major meetings were held to discuss the matter, and the Cobbold Commission was set up on 17 January 1962 to find out if the citizens of North Borneo and Sarawak supported the formation of 'Malaysia'.
The findings of the Cobbold Commission eventually led to the signing of Malaysia Agreement in London on 9 July 1963. The agreement laid out the terms for the formation of the Federation of Malaysia - made up of Singapore, Malaya, Sarawak, and North Borneo.
The Federation of Malaysia was formally proclaimed on 16 September 1963.
It has been about 56 years since Malaysia was formed. We take a look back at some of the photos taken during the era leading up to the historic event:
1. Tunku Abdul Rahman put forward his proposal about the formation of Malaysia for the first time, during his speech at the Adelphi Hotel in Singapore on 27 May 1961
2. Malaysia Solidarity Consultative Committee members during a meeting at the Selangor Legislative Assembly Chamber in Kuala Lumpur on 6 and 7 January 1962
The committee was established in July 1961 to explain the concept behind the formation of Malaysia to the citizens of North Borneo, Sarawak, and Brunei.
This was said to be the committee's third meeting.
3. The Cobbold Commission, led by Lord Cameron Fromanteel (Kim) Cobbold, was set up on 17 January 1962
There were five members in the Cobbold Commission and it was headed by Lord Cobbold, the former governor of the Bank of England.
The other members were Sir Anthony Abell and Sir David Watherston. There were also two representatives from the Federation of Malaya, namely Datuk Wong Pow Nee and Mohamed Ghazali Shafie.
4. The arrival of Lord Cobbold and his wife at the Kuala Lumpur airport on 5 April 1962
5. Results gathered by the Cobbold Commission revealed that 80% of the North Borneo and Sarawak citizens supported the notion of the establishment of Malaysia
This report was then presented to the British government and the government of the Federation of Malaya on 21 June 1962.
6. Tunku Abdul Rahman at a press conference about talks on Malaysia in 1962. Seated beside him is the first Prime Minister of Singapore, Lee Kuan Yew.
7. Tunku Abdul Rahman, who had just returned from London following talks with the British government on Malaysia, photographed sharing his garland with Lee Kuan Yew sometime in August 1962
8. Tun Abdul Razak Hussein, then Deputy Prime Minister, was escorted by Tun Muhammad Ghazali Shafie and Tun Thirunyanasambanthan Veerasamy before his departure to London on 25 June 1963
9. Tun Abdul Razak having a chat with Tun Dr. Ismail Abdul Rahman before departing for London at the Kuala Lumpur airport on 25 June 1963
10. Tunku Abdul Rahman held a press conference on 6 July 1963 at his residence to announce that he would leave for London to attend the signing of the Malaysia Agreement
11. On the evening of 6 July 1963, Tunku Abdul Rahman took a flight to Singapore and then to London to sign the Malaysia Agreement
12. Tunku Abdul Rahman signing the Malaysia Agreement at the Marlborough House in London on 9 July 1963
13. Representatives of Sarawak seen at Kuching Airport after returning from London on 12 July 1963
Five people, namely, Tun Datuk Patinggi Tan Sri Temenggong Jugah anak Barieng, Datu Bandar Abang Haji Mustapha, Tun Abang Haji Openg, Tan Sri Ling Beng Siew, and P.E.H. Pike, signed the Malaysia Agreement on behalf of Sarawak.