3. First reading in Dewan Rakyat
The First Reading is perceived to be just a formality, where a minister in the Dewan Rakyat reads out only the title of the bill.
MPs are not allowed to debate and discuss about the bill yet.
4. Second reading in Dewan Rakyat
The second reading is regarded as one of the most crucial stages in this process, where the Bill goes through a parliamentary debate on its principles and contents in the Dewan Rakyat.
Contents of the Bill is discussed thoroughly at the committee stage in the Dewan Rakyat. According to LawTeacher, MPs group themselves into several committees to deliberate the bill, but they are not allowed to discuss what had been debated in the second reading.
For instance, after the anti-fake news bill was passed at second reading, Malaysiakini reported that amendments to the bill were passed at the committee stage.
6. Third reading in Dewan Rakyat
Members of the Dewan Rakyat will be notified in this stage that the bill has gone through the first three stages. If there is no objection, the bill is ready to be passed to Dewan Negara.
7. Debate in Dewan Negara
Debate in the Dewan Negara goes through a similar process as it did in the Dewan Rakyat.
Nonetheless, the Dewan Negara can only delay a bill's passage by a maximum of a year before it is sent to the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.
The Star reported that Dewan Negara has only amended less than five Dewan Rakyat bills since 1959.
8. Submission to Yang di-Pertuan Agong to be gazetted
Once the Bill is passed in the Dewan Negara, it will be submitted to the Yang di-Pertuan Agong to obtain his consent.
However, Article 66(4A) of the Federal Constitution states that a bill will become law after 30 days, even if the Agong does not assent to it.
For example, the National Security Council Bill was the first bill in Malaysia to be passed without the Agong's consent.