One of the oldest and most well-known food brands among Malaysians, Ayam Brand has become synonymous with kitchen staples such as canned tuna, sardines, and baked beans
Though its name may suggest that the brand is of local origin, that's only half of the story. Established in 1892, the company that eventually became Ayam Brand was actually founded by a Frenchman named Alfred Clouet!
Having first arrived in Singapore in 1891, Clouet registered an import-export firm - A. Clouet & Co. - in 1892. At the time, Singapore was still a part of British Malaya.
The French entrepreneur initially focused on importing building materials as well as premium products like French perfume and Bordeaux wine to cater to colonial staff and British residents in the Straits Settlements.
However, when sales of perfumes and wines were not as profitable as he'd hoped, Clouet decided to import canned food instead.
In the days before refrigeration became widely available, canned food was regarded as a luxury item, as they were considered top technology at the time and could only be afforded by the rich.
But Clouet sought to bring canned food to the masses.
He created a logo featuring his company name and a Gallic rooster, a symbol of France (below), and began producing tinned sardines in 1889.
As Clouet's sardines quickly became a hit among the common folk, he decided to widen his range of products to include other canned food like peas and mushrooms.
The logo would later incorporate gold medals won by the brand's canned sardines at the 1900 Exposition Universelle (Universal Exposition) in Paris (below).
So, how did the name "Ayam Brand" come to be? For that, we have the locals to thank.
As local traders and consumers found the name "Clouet" difficult to pronounce, they started referring to the brand as "chop ayam", meaning "chicken brand" in the Malay language.
According to South China Morning Post, the company decided to officially change its name to "Ayam Brand" shortly before World War II broke out.
Though the brand was pretty popular in Southeast Asia in the early 20th century, it only expanded beyond the region after it was taken over by the family-run Swiss company Denis Group in the 1950s
After being taken over by Denis Group, then known as the Denis Brothers Company, in 1954, Ayam Brand began spreading its wings to various parts of Asia and eventually, in Western countries like Australia, France, New Zealand, and United Kingdom.
The new management also expanded the brand's portfolio, such as introducing canned tuna, canned fruits and vegetables like baked beans and pineapple, Asian sauces and pastes, as well as coconut products like coconut cream and milk.
Today, Ayam Brand continues to be headquartered in Singapore, although its products are mainly manufactured in Malaysia via factories in Taiping (since 1975) and Batu Pahat (since 2000)
SCMP reported that the company opened a factory in Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam in 2015 and is due to open another one in Indonesia next year.
The founder's name "Clouet" can still be found in logo as well as the brand's distribution companies, such as A. Clouet & Co. (KL) Sdn. Bhd. for Malaysia, Clouet Trading Pte. Ltd. for Singapore, and A. Clouet (Australia) Pty. Ltd. for Australia and New Zealand.
Were you surprised to find out that Ayam Brand was not founded by a local businessman? Wait 'til you see the rest of this list of brands that - contrary to popular belief - are not Malaysian: