From closed-door meetings to Tun Dr Mahathir's resignation as Prime Minister, Malaysia has been wracked by a series of political manoeuvres since Sunday, 23 February.
As events continue to unfold, here is an overview of everything that has happened so far:
1. 138 MPs allegedly signed Statutory Declarations (SD) to back Tun Dr Mahathir
In a 14 February report by The Star, multiple sources claimed that of all the MPs who signed the SDs to support Tun Dr Mahathir serving as Prime Minister for a full term, 18 were from PAS, 26 from PKR, at least 13 of the 39 UMNO MPs, and all 26 MPs from Bersatu.
"(Dr Mahathir) will only need 10 more to get a two-thirds majority," said one source. A simple majority of 112 votes is needed to form the Federal Government.
2. The PH Presidential Council meeting failed to fix a date for Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad's resignation
According to New Straits Times, PKR parliamentary chief whip Datuk Johari Abdul said the PH Presidential Council meeting would be a pivotal moment as Dr Mahathir was expected to set a date for his resignation.
The meeting took place at the Perdana Leadership Foundation, Putrajaya on Friday night, 21 February.
After the meeting, Anwar urged PKR members to respect the consensus pertaining to the power transition, while Dr Mahathir said that no date has been fixed for the succession plan.
3. Secret party meetings throughout Sunday, 23 February
The Star reported that Bersatu held a closed-door meeting at Yayasan Selangor at 9am on Sunday while MPs loyal to Datuk Seri Azmin Ali's faction in PKR met at Sheraton Hotel in Petaling Jaya at 10am.
At 4pm, UMNO held a supreme council meeting at PWTC.
Media reports that day claimed that UMNO, PAS, Bersatu, Amanah, Warisan, GPS, and 10 MPs from a PKR splinter faction aligned to Azmin Ali had formed an alliance in a move to become the new government.
4. UMNO, PAS, Amanah, GPS, Warisan, and PKR leaders met the King
The speculation of a change of government reached a tipping point when over 20 vehicles consisting of luxurious sedans and MPVs drove into the palace between 5.40pm and 6.15pm on Sunday.
The Star reported that six leaders from different parties were at the palace to update the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on the latest political development in the country.
Those leaders included:
- Bersatu president Muhyiddin Yassin,
- UMNO president Ahmad Zahid Hamidi,
- PAS president Abdul Hadi Awang,
- PKR deputy president Azmin Ali,
- GPS president Abang Johari Openg, and
- Warisan president Shafie Apdal.
New Straits Times reported a source as saying that, "I was made to understand that the Yang di-Pertuan Agong advised them to refer to the previous Perak case... that is what I was informed."
"At the moment, we already have 139 Parliamentary seats and the figure is sufficient for us to form the government."
5. Leaders met at the Sheraton Hotel for dinner
Leaders from PKR, PPBM, and PAS met at the hotel for dinner, which was dubbed as Majlis Makan Malam Muafakat MP.
According to Free Malaysia Today, those who attended included:
- PAS president Abdul Hadi Awang,
- PAS deputy president Tuan Ibrahim Tuan Man,
- UMNO president Ahmad Zahid Hamidi,
- UMNO vice president Ismail Sabri Yaakob,
- UMNO secretary-general Annuar Musa,
- Barisan Nasional secretary-general Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor,
- Bersatu party president Muhyhiddin Yassin,
- Bersatu youth leader Syed Saddiq Syed Abdul Rahman,
- Bersatu member Redzuan Md Yusoff,
- Bersatu member Marzuki Yahya,
- Bersatu member Faizal Azumu, and
- Bersatu member Zahid Mat Arip.
While most leaders remained mum as they left the venue at 10pm, UMNO secretary-general Tan Sri Annuar Musa told media that the formation of a new government coalition is "very likely" and that the PH coalition is essentially "over".
When asked if there would be a new government, Annuar nodded and said the new coalition would be called Pakatan Nasional. He added that the new bipartisan ruling coalition must be done according to the Constitution.
"You have to read and follow the Constitution and the (Yang di-Pertuan) Agong. Let's not jump the gun," he said.
6. Anwar described the political shenanigans as a "betrayal"
After the political manoeuvre came to a close on Sunday, Anwar Ibrahim confirmed the existence of a plot to topple the PH coalition. He said Bersatu and several members of PKR had betrayed the government.
"We are waiting for more information, but there are attempts by several quarters to topple the Pakatan Harapan government," said Anwar at his home in Kampung Segambut Dalam after a weekly prayer event on Sunday night.
"They have met with the Yang Di-Pertuan Agong earlier this evening, but there hasn't been any announcement."
7. Dr Mahathir resigned as the seventh Prime Minister
In the wake of the political turmoil, Dr Mahathir announced that he has resigned from his post as the premier on Monday noon.
In a tweet, the 94-year-old Langkawi MP posted a press statement, confirming the resignation.
The statement wrote that Dr Mahathir's resignation was submitted to the palace at 1pm.
Following Dr Mahathir's resignation, Bersatu president Tan Sri Datuk Haji Muhyiddin Yassin took to Facebook to announce that the party had left the PH coalition.
"They have all signed the Declaration of Oath to continue supporting and placing trust in Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad as the Prime Minister of Malaysia," said Muhyiddin in the statement.
"This decision was made taking into consideration the current political developments and for the future of the country."
Besides that, Malay Mail reported that Dr Mahathir will resign from Bersatu, following his resignation as its chairman.
When asked whether the Langkawi MP would join another party or form a new party, Dr Mahathir's aides declined to divulge.
Dr Mahathir's departure from the party was followed by:
- Simpang Renggam MP Maszlee Malik,
- Titiwangsa MP Rina Harun,
- Muar MP Syed Saddiq Syed Abd Rahman,
- Jerlun MP Datuk Seri Mukhriz Mahathir,
- Senator Radzi Jidin, and
- Dr Mahathir's media advisor Datuk A. Kadir Jasin.
PKR secretary-general Datuk Seri Saifuddin Nasution Ismail said that Azmin Ali and Zuraida Kamaruddin have been fired from the party.
However, Azmin Ali claimed that he, along with 10 other PKR members, had collectively resigned from PKR.
Those on the list are:
- Gompak MP Mohamed Azmin Ali
- Ampang MP Hajjah Zuraida Kamaruddin
- Ampang MP Saifuddin Abdullah
- Selangau MP Baru Bian
- Bandar Tun Razak MP Kamaruddin Jaffar
- Nibong Tebal MP Mansor Othman
- Batu Pahat MP Rashid Hasnon
- Segamat MP Dr Santhara Kumar
- Saratok MP Ali Biju
- Puncak Borneo MP Willie Mongin
- Ranau MP Jonathan Yasin
10. Anwar and Wan Azizah met the King
Anwar and Deputy Prime Minister Datuk Seri Dr Wan Azizah Wan Ismail had an audience with the Agong at 2pm today.
However, Anwar's political secretary Farhash Wafa Salvador Rizal Mubarak said that the meeting was scheduled "a long time ago to only provide normal updates".
Malaysiakini reported that the couple left the palace via Gate 2 at 3.15pm. They refused to speak to the media after meeting.
11. AG refused to issue a statement
In a live report by Malaysiakini, Attorney General Tommy Thomas said he would not be issuing a statement to assess the current political situation following Dr Mahathir's resignation.
According to him, the "situation is just too fluid".
"Hence insufficient clarity. Will defer making a press statement for the time being."
12. Dr Mahathir to continue to serve as the interim Prime Minister
In a statement, Chief Secretary to the Government Mohd Zuki Ali said Yang di-Pertuan Agong Al-Sultan Abdullah Ri'ayatuddin Al-Mustafa Billah Shah has accepted Dr Mahathir's resignation.
However, Mohd Zuki stated that the Langawi MP will still have to serve as the interim PM.
Dr Mahathir will continue his role in running the government until someone succeeds him and a new Cabinet is formed.
At this juncture, the Pakatan Harapan coalition has fallen with only 97 seats in the Dewan Rakyat. A simple majority of 112 seat is required to form a government: